Community profiles in the three poorest provincesNobayethi Dube tells us more about S&T's involvement in this project.
The Department of Public Works, Monitoring and Evaluation
Section, commissioned S&T to conduct community profile surveys in three provinces:
Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and the Northern Province. These will assist the
Department to plan better for future projects and measure the success of past
We used project lists provided by the Department, with project
number, District Council, project category, name of the project, project type
and budget size. We then stratified our sampling using the project number,
District Council, project category and budget size.
To establish starting points we used maps provided by Davies,
Lynn & Partners, with project numbers and areas, selected the identified projects
and drew a 10 km radius to identify the sample area on the maps. In each of
25 starting points, fieldworkers had to visit four households.
Our training, done by S&T and the Department of Public Works,
focused on sampling procedures and administration of the questionnaire. Our
fieldwork team in KwaZulu-Natal comprised social facilitators used by the
Department to work with communities, chosen because of their long-standing
relationships with communities and with the amakhosi. A co-ordinator
was based in the province for the duration of the survey.
However, using social facilitators did not prevent the problems
that normally accompany field research. Access was a problem in some areas
where the amakhosi felt that there was insufficient consultation and
they would not allow strangers to ask 'their people' questions. Extensive
negotiation was necessary, with District Councils in some instances intervening
to meet with all stakeholders. Team leaders were called in to explain at meetings
what the study was about and who would benefit. This meant that fieldwork
stopped for days whilst access was negotiated.
Fieldwork has been completed in KwaZulu-Natal, work in the
Eastern Cape is still in progress and Northern Province will be surveyed in
2000. The results will provide a fascinating look at the benefits of small-
and large-scale anti-poverty programmes.