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This article is taken from the August 2004 Phatlalatsa newsletter

 

Targeting poverty in Gauteng

Targeting poverty in Gauteng imageIn 2003, the Gauteng Provincial Executive Council noted the need for appropriate provincial data collection to assist in identifying poverty pockets in Gauteng as well as in the proper allocation of resources for poverty alleviation projects. As part of the Integrated Quality Social Services Strategy, it was agreed that the Office of the Premier should assist in the gathering of improved poverty information.

Background

In 2003, the Gauteng Provincial Executive Council noted the need for appropriate provincial data collection to assist in identifying poverty pockets in Gauteng as well as in the proper allocation of resources for poverty alleviation projects. As part of the Integrated Quality Social Services Strategy, it was agreed that the Office of the Premier should assist in the gathering of improved poverty information.

Strategy and Tactics were commissioned to assist the Office of the Premier in developing a targeting strategy for the province. (1) To profile poverty in the province, data was taken from the 1996 Census and those departments namely, Health and Social Services that had appropriate information.

The 2003 Report recommended that the strategy be updated when the 2001 Census data became available. Now that the data are available, the recently established Gauteng Intersectoral Development Unit commissioned Strategy & Tactics to update the strategy.

In addition to updating the strategy with the 2001 Census data, the exercise also profiled poverty within each of the metropolitan councils, as this was not possible with the 1996 Census data.

Defining poverty

To profile poverty in each of the municipalities, the following twelve indicators, and their corresponding definitions, were used:

Indicator
Definition
   
Female-headed households Proportion of households headed by women
Social security Proportion of population receiving a social security grant
Illiteracy Proportion of population (15+) who have not completed Std 5/Grade 7
Rate of unemployment Proportion of the economically available population who are unemployed
Household income (2) Proportion of households with no annual income
Crowding Proportion of households sharing a room with at least one other household
Dwelling type Proportion of households classified informal or traditional
Sanitation Proportion of households who do not have a flush or chemical toilet
Water Proportion of households who have no tap water inside dwelling or on site
Electricity Proportion of households who do not have electricity for lighting purposes
Refuse removal Proportion of households whose refuse is not removed by local authority
Malnutrition Proportion of children under 5 visiting provincial or local authority clinics who are severely malnourished

(Footnotes)

(1) See Jennings R, Ntsime M & Everatt D (2003) A poverty targeting strategy for Gauteng.

(2) This has changed from the previous definition as the categories used in the 2001 Census do not enable direct comparison with the 1996 Census.

 

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